Emergent Artificial Intelligence

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What happens when a computer can learn on the job?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is, in simple terms, the science of doing by computer the things that people can do. Over recent years, AI has advanced significantly: most of us now use smartphones that can recognize human speech, or have travelled through an airport immigration queue using image-recognition technology. Self-driving cars and automated flying drones are now in the testing stage before anticipated widespread use, while for certain learning and memory tasks, machines now outperform humans. Watson, an artificially intelligent computer system, beat the best human candidates at the quiz game Jeopardy.

Artificial intelligence, in contrast to normal hardware and software, enables a machine to perceive and respond to its changing environment. Emergent AI takes this a step further, with progress arising from machines that learn automatically by assimilating large volumes of information. An example is NELL, the Never-Ending Language Learning project from Carnegie Mellon University, a computer system that not only reads facts by crawling through hundreds of millions of web pages, but attempts to improve its reading and understanding competence in the process in order to perform better in the future.

Like next-generation robotics, improved AI will lead to significant productivity advances as machines take over – and even perform better – at certain tasks than humans. There is substantial evidence that self-driving cars will reduce collisions, and resulting deaths and injuries, from road transport, as machines avoid human errors, lapses in concentration and defects in sight, among other problems. Intelligent machines, having faster access to a much larger store of information, and able to respond without human emotional biases, might also perform better than medical professionals in diagnosing diseases. The Watson system is now being deployed in oncology to assist in diagnosis and personalized, evidence-based treatment options for cancer patients.

Long the stuff of dystopian sci-fi nightmares, AI clearly comes with risks – the most obvious being that super-intelligent machines might one day overcome and enslave humans. This risk, while still decades away, is taken increasingly seriously by experts, many of whom signed an open letter coordinated by the Future of Life Institute in January 2015 to direct the future of AI away from potential pitfalls. More prosaically, economic changes prompted by intelligent computers replacing human workers may exacerbate social inequalities and threaten existing jobs. For example, automated drones may replace most human delivery drivers, and self-driven short-hire vehicles could make taxis increasingly redundant.

On the other hand, emergent AI may make attributes that are still exclusively human – creativity, emotions, interpersonal relationships – more clearly valued. As machines grow in human intelligence, this technology will increasingly challenge our view of what it means to be human, as well as the risks and benefits posed by the rapidly closing gap between man and machine.

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IJSRD & TechFest 2014-15 (IIT-Bombay) presents TISC(Conference)

IJSRD is pleased to inform you that IIT Bombay presents Asia’s Largest Science and Technology Festival. TISC(Conference) event is supported by IJSRD. Techfest International Student Conference is an initiative to bring together the student community and professors with a common research background. TISC marks a step further in our endeavor to promote science and technology among the students by facilitating the exchange of knowledge between academia and industry. For more details, please visit the following link: www.techfest.org/conference

IJSRD is a leading e-journal, under which we are encouraging and exploring newer ideas of current trends in Engineering and Science by publishing papers containing pure knowledge. IJSRD is mainly started to help researching peers belongs to Undergraduate, Postgraduate and Research students. IJSRD aims to cover the latest outstanding development in the fields of Engineering and Technologies.For submitting paper online, click here: Submit Manuscript Online

ISSN (Online) : 2321-0613
Subject Category : Engineering Science and Technology
Frequency : Monthly, 12 issues per year
Published by : I.J.S.R.D. , INDIA
Impact Factor : 1.26

Medicine: Touch sensitive bionic arm | IJSRD

Researchers at the Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Case Western Reserve University have developed a new kind of interface that can convey a sense of touch from 20 spots on a prosthetic hand. It does this by directly stimulating nerve bundles—known as peripheral nerves—in the arms of patients; two people have so far been fitted with the interface. What’s more, the implants continue to work after 18 months, a noteworthy milestone given that electrical interfaces to nerve tissue can gradually degrade in performance.

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Research Lets do it !!! IJSRD 

Reason why it made the list: these breakthroughs in connecting electronic devices through the nervous system can eventually enable everything from artificial limbs to sensory organs like eyes and ears. It’ll probably be a while before we can plug into the Matrix though…

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IIT BOMBAY #Techfest International Student #Conference #IJSRD

conferenceTechfest International Student Conference is an initiative to bring together the student community and professors with a common research background. TISC marks a step further in our endeavor to promote science and technology among the students by facilitating the exchange of knowledge between academia and industry.

Featured imageTechfest International Student Conference presents a unique opportunity for students to present their work in front of fellow students, senior professors from top universities, industrialists and policy-makers. It aims at giving recognition to students for their research at a relatively young age. An enriching experience to research oriented minds, TISC will give young scientists an insight into the topic, learn new ideas and build networks beneficial for the future.

The theme for the conference is Renewable Energy Systems, potentially the most important aspect of human life in forthcoming decades. TISC is being hosted by IIT Bombay, one of the premier institutes of science and technology in India known for its path-breaking research and quality education.

#IJSRD | Wireless Phone Charger: the uniqueness and the features

Wowhoo Wireless Phone Charger: the uniqueness and the features
blog#IJSRD | Research Lets Do it… #call for paper

Major wireless phone carriers have all been adapting the Qi wireless technology. Additionally many car manufactures are adding them to their 2014-2015 models. Manufactures include but are not limited to the following: Jeep, Toyota, Prius Harrier, Mercedes Benz, BMW, Volkswagen, Audi aswell as Porsche.

Due to the new and improved design and usability our initial launch date has been revised from Jan 7th to March 1st. we added approximately 8mm to our diameter to allow a better internal design.  The small revision to the Wowhoo charger allow us to get that quicker charge which is most important. The 10% is a big jump in charging speed.

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Carbon Nanotube ‘Shock Absorbers’ Excel At Dampening Vibration – #IJSRD

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Summary:
Research on a new class of nanostructured materials used to reduce vibrations in mechanical equipment and electronic devices, being developed by a team of scientists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, will be featured in Nature Materials.
blogResearch Lets DO IT…. #IJSRD

Research on a new class of nanostructured materials used to reduce vibrations in mechanical equipment and electronic devices, being developed by a team of scientists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, will be featured in Nature Materials.

“The nanoscale building blocks we have developed have both micro and macro applications,” said Nikhil Koratkar, assistant professor of mechanical, aerospace, and nuclear engineering at Rensselaer. “The new systems reduce and control vibrations within structures and will benefit the performance, safety, and reliability of future manufacturing equipment, sensitive laboratory equipment, and everyday electronic devices.”

The Rensselaer research team, led by Koratkar, added carbon nanotube fillers to traditional vibration reduction materials to enhance their energy dissipation capability. Adding large quantities of nanoscale fillers increases the amount of surface area, and thereby increases frictional sliding that occurs at the filler-to-filler interface. The result is a decrease in vibrations.

In 2004, Koratkar received a National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development Award (CAREER) to fund the development of these new materials. Additional Rensselaer researchers on the project include Pulickel Ajayan, professor of materials science and engineering; Pawel Keblinksi, associate professor of materials science and engineering; and Jonghwan Suhr, a doctoral student in mechanical, aerospace, and nuclear engineering.

The research is available in the Nature Materials journal online, and will be published in an upcoming print edition of the journal.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.

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Research on CLOUD DATA

Cloud Data Loss:
A data breach is the result of a malicious and probably intrusive action. Data loss may occur when a disk drive dies without its owner having created a backup. It occurs when the owner of encrypted data loses the key that unlocks it. Small amounts of data were lost for some Amazon Web Service customers as its EC2 cloud suffered “a remirroring storm” due to human operator error on Easter weekend in 2011. And a data loss could occur intentionally in the event of a malicious attack.

The alliance cited the case of Mat Honan, a writer for Wired magazine, who in the summer of 2012 found an intruder had broken into his Gmail, Twitter, and Apple accounts and deleted all the baby pictures of his 18-month old daughter.

Research Lets Do It.... #IJSRD

“For both consumers and businesses, the prospect of permanently losing one’s data is terrifying,” the report acknowledged. There are many techniques to prevent data loss. They occur anyway.

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